In-House Job Search
Many corporations and nonprofit organizations, of all sizes, employ lawyers on their own staff. These attorneys provide legal advice on issues that impact the organization and its employees. The organization is the in-house attorney’s client; the role of the attorney(s) in the in-house legal department is to counsel the organization on all legal issues related to running its operation. As organizations vary in size, so do the legal departments that serve them. A legal department may consist of one attorney or several hundred. In large legal departments (each of which has its own different structure), you may find a general counsel, assistant general counsel(s), and staff attorneys. Additionally, in-house counsel will, often or occasionally depending on the organization’s needs, hire outside counsel to assist in matters too time-consuming, requiring special expertise or in “bet the company” situations, high-stakes litigation or business transactions.
Typically, permanent in-house counsel positions are awarded to lateral candidates, that is, to attorneys who have cut their teeth either at law firms or other organizations. That said, students can gain good experience as in-house interns during the summer.
- Sample Cover Letter for In-House Positions
- Guide to becoming an in-house counsel
Chambers and Associates Career Moves
- Newly created resource by Chambers and Associates to help you manage your next career move. Information includes lateralling to a new firm, switching practice areas, and changing geography
Management Consulting Job Search
In recent years, consulting firms have been increasing their hires of non-MBA advanced degree students, including JDs. Some hire 2Ls for the summer. Although it helps to have some background in business, it is not required.
Consultants are advisers to businesses, governments and public interest organizations to help them improve performance and develop future plans. They bring an outsider’s fresh eye to their client’s organization. Their tasks can cover a whole gamut of business problems, including:
- Market entry
- Industry analysis
- Mergers and Acquisitions
- Expanding product lines
- Company growth
- Increasing sales, revenue and profit
- Cost reduction
Some consulting firms offer general business services; others may limit their consulting to a particular industry (e.g. energy, health care) or type of consulting (e.g. economic, risk management, operations, human resources, globalization, information technology). For a list of the top 50 consulting firms, please consult the Vault Guide to the Top 50 Consulting Firms (which has information on more than the top 50 firms).
For information about a consulting career, please view Management Consulting Presentation 4/10/12.
Boston Consulting Group (BCG)
- Career Opportunities for JDs at BCG
- Bridge to BCG is an immersive workshop to learn more about BCG and consulting, May 10–13 2021 | Application due March 30, 2021, learn more here. Bridge is intended for ADCs that can start working full time in late 2021, 2022, or 2023 (for MDs, residents, physicians).
- Full-time before June 2021 — Rolling Deadline. If not eligible for Bridge to BCG and can start before June 2021, we encourage people to apply online now, applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis
- BCG’s Upcoming Virtual Events March 2021
- Advanced Degree Full-Time Job Opportunities / Application Process
- BCG Recruiting Guide FAQ
- Advanced degree opportunities at BCG | BCG is currently accepting applications for Advanced Degree Candidates (PhDs, JDs, MDs, and Postdocs) interested in starting a full-time position with BCG between February 2021 and May 2021.
- Consulting Interview Preparation and Practice Cases
- You can also visit BCG’s dedicated University of Pennsylvania website regularly to view our evolving list of events.
- Please reach out to Meagan at Kenny.Meagan@bcg.com with any questions about upcoming events.
Bain & Company
- Crack the Case: An hour-long session overview of what a case interview entails, Wednesday March 24 at 7pm ET
McKinsey & Company
Consider McKinsey as the next step in your journey
We wanted to send a quick reminder of our upcoming full-time opportunities for advanced degree students! If you are pursuing a PhD, Postdoc, JD, MD, medical residency or fellowship and anticipate completing your program later this year through September 2022 (or 2023 for MDs), we encourage you to apply for the
Associate role or
MD Fellow role by Tuesday, June 15th at 11:59pm EST for interviews later this summer and early fall.
Are you a JD looking for a Summer Consulting gig?
- Apply before Thursday, July 15th, 2021 for our Associate Intern role for Summer 2022.
- To view a list of upcoming events and to RSVP, please visit the McKinsey & Company website.
- Check out additional content in our Advanced Professional Degree Recruiting Dropbox, including information on the full time hiring process. You can download the Dropbox app for your phone or access on your computer: APD Opportunities Dropbox .
Careers Page Resources:
We encourage you to visit our
Careers Page to learn more about the elements of our interview process, find guidance on how to prepare, and tackle four practice business cases in preparation for future interviews. You can also find useful application
Tips and Tricks here.
You can also find a wealth of information about McKinsey, our people, and the APD experience on our Student Resources Page.
- We encourage you to visit our Careers Page to learn more about the elements of our interview process, find guidance on how to prepare, and tackle four practice business cases in preparation for future interviews. You can also find useful application Tips and Tricks here.
- McKinsey Recruiting Podcast: The McKinsey Recruiting Podcast is all about informing you about who we are, what we do, and how to best navigate our recruiting process. We know you have a lot on your plate, so we want to take the work out of recruiting by bringing clarity in an easily digestible way. In each episode, we answer frequently asked questions and do a deep dive on topics such as staffing & professional development, campus tech recruiting, and the APD experience.
- We wanted to send a quick reminder of our upcoming full-time opportunities for advanced degree students! If you are pursuing a PhD, Postdoc, JD, MD, medical residency or fellowship and anticipate completing your program later this year through September 2022 (or 2023 for MDs), we encourage you to apply for the Associate role or MD Fellow role by Tuesday, June 15th at 11:59pm EST for interviews later this summer and early fall.
Think Tanks & Policy Organizations
Many think tanks and policy organizations hire lawyers to help with their research and advocacy. Many are non-profit. Others are funded by government or private organizations. Here are some helpful links
- Foreign Affairs Online – foreign affairs, international relations, international law, and U.S. foreign policy research site
- Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government Think Tank Directory – list of centers for research and policy development
- The Insider’s Guide to Public Policy Experts and Organizations
- Policy Link – community and economic development resources and organizations
- Where to Do Research – list of 200 major think tanks and policy groups
- Yahoo’s Directory of political and public policy organizations
- Foreign Policy Association Job Board
- The Poverty & Race Research Action Council – has general information about issues and job listings
- The Heritage Foundation Job Bank – employment with conservative Congressional Offices, faith-based organizations, other public policy organizations, lobbying groups and trade associations
- Brookings Institutes Jobs and Internships
- Roll Call - Employment opportunities in lobbying, policy and other jobs on Capitol Hil
Some of our students prefer to take their law degrees and go into non-traditional careers. Given that these paths are not legal in nature and differ from one another, we cannot provide one set of steps for such a search. However, here are some general guidelines.
Different search tips and resources apply to different jobs, but all of the non-law jobs share these commonalities:
- Networking assumes far greater importance in seeking non-law firm jobs.
- It is absolutely essential to research the companies or organizations that interest you and for which you have relevant qualifications before you contact employers.
- The hiring cycle for non-law jobs does not typically match first- and second-year law recruiting, leaving you with high-risk choices to make.
- Work experience prior to law school is extremely important to the success of your job search. Employers in professional services firms are accustomed to hiring MBA students who have three or four years of work experience before returning for their degrees. The decision-making maturity and the industry knowledge this provides lower the risk of considering a candidate whose training is “alternative.” If you have had little or no experience, the bar could be very high.
- Persistence is a key attribute for those who strongly desire non-law employment. That may mean accepting rejection, not only from law firms, but also from business organizations. It may mean negotiating for extensions or even letting go of a law firm offer, when no other offer is certain.
- Classmates and students in other classes may have worked in many of these fields prior to law school matriculation. Network amongst your peers to identify these students and ask them to spend time with you discussing their previous employment.
- University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School alumni may be willing to spend a short time with you to talk about what they do, and give their advice about career interests you are exploring. It is crucial to prepare for this type of conversation by researching their firm’s website, understanding a bit about what the alum does in his or her work, and having some idea of what function or division interests you and why. Have questions in mind based on your research about their firm and their jobs.
- If you are interested in learning more about some of the more popular non-law opportunities check out our online resources below.
If you are interested in a non-traditional career path, please speak with a counselor in OCS.