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Quattrone Center for the Fair Administration of Justice



Selected Bibliography for:


Technology in Criminal Justice Reform



Risk Assessment Tools: Capabilities, Benefits and Risks

Richard Berk, Forecasting Methods in Crime and Justice, 4 Ann. Rev. L. & Soc. Sci. 219 (2008). Available here.

Richard Berk et al., Forecasting Domestic Violence: A Machine Learning Approach to Help Inform Arraignment Decisions, 13 J. Empirical Legal Stud. 94 (2016). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Richard Berk et al., Forecasting Murder within a Population of Probationers and Parolees: A High Stakes Application of Statistical Learning, 172 J. Royal Stat. Soc’y (Series A) 191 (2009). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Sandra G. Mayson, Collateral Consequences and the Preventive State, 91 Notre Dame L. Rev. 301 (2015). Available here.

Andrea L. Roth & Edward J. Ungvarsky, Book Review, 8 Law Prob. & Risk 55 (2009) (reviewing Carole McCartney, Forensic Identification and Criminal Justice: Forensic Science, Justice and Risk (2006)). Available here.

Sonja B. Starr, Evidence-Based Sentencing and the Scientific Rationalization of Discrimination, 66 Stan. L. Rev. 803 (2014). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Predictive Policing

Andrew Guthrie Ferguson, Big Data and Predictive Reasonable Suspicion, 163 U. Pa. L. Rev. 327 (2015). Available here.

______, Big Data Distortions: Exploring the Limits of the ABA LEATPR Standards, 66 Okla. L. Rev. 831 (2014). Available here.

______, Crime Mapping and the Fourth Amendment: Redrawing ‘High Crime Areas’, 63 Hastings L.J. 179 (2011). Available here.

______, Predictive Policing and Reasonable Suspicion, 62 Emory L.J. 259 (2012). Available here.

Cory P. Haberman & Jerry H. Ratcliffe, The Predictive Policing Challenges of Near Repeat Armed Street Robberies, 6 Policing: J. Pol’y & Prac. 151 (2012). Available here.

Priscilla Hunt et al., Evaluation of the Shreveport Predictive Policing Experiment (Rand Corporation RR531, 2014). Available here.

G. O. Mohler et al., Randomized Controlled Field Trials of Predictive Policing, 110 J. Am. Stat. Ass’n 512 (2015). Available here.

Jerry H. Ratcliffe, Intelligence-Led Policing(2008). Available at Van Pelt call # HV7935 .R233 2008.

“There’s an App for That”: Participatory Justice in the Digital Age

David Bornstein, Guiding Families to a Fair Day in Court, N.Y. Times, May 29, 2015,

Albert W. Dzur, Participatory Democracy and Criminal Justice, 6 Crim. L. & Phil. 115 (2012). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Tony Ganzer, YouTube’s Crime-Fighting Potential Put to Test, NPR, Jan. 23, 2008,

Raj Jayadev, “Participatory Defense”—Transforming the Courts through Family and Community Organizing, Albert Cobarrubias Justice Project (Oct. 17, 2014),

Janet Moore et al., Make Them Hear You: Participatory Defense and the Struggle for Criminal Justice Reform, 78 Albany L. Rev. 1281 (2015). Available here.

Gene Stephens, Participatory Justice: The Politics of the Future, 3 Just. Q. 67 (1986). Available here.

Video in Criminal Justice Investigation and Administration

José F. Anderson, Reflections on Standing: Challenges to Searches and Seizures in a High Technology World, 75 Miss. L.J. 1099 (2006). Available here.

Celine Cocq & Francesca Galli, The Use of Surveillance Technologies for the Prevention, Investigation and Prosecution of Serious Crime, EUI Dept. of Law Res. Paper No. 2015/41 (2015). Available here.

David A. Harris, Picture This: Body-Worn Video Devices (Head Cams) as Tools for Ensuring Fourth Amendment Compliance by Police, 43 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 357 (2010). Available here.

Anne Poulin, Criminal Justice and Videoconferencing Technology: The Remote Defendant, 78 Tulane L. Rev. 1089 (2004). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Justin T. Ready & Jacob T. N. Young, The Impact of On-Officer Video Cameras on Police-Citizen Contacts: Findings from a Controlled Experiment in Mesa, AZ, 11 J. Experimental Criminology 445 (2015). Available here.



Data as Evidence: Challenges of Translating Statistical Data for Purposes of Legal Standards of Proof

Itiel Dror & Greg Hampikian, Subjectivity and Bias in Forensic DNA Mixture Interpretation, 51 Sci. & Just. 204 (2011). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Luis Garicano & Paul S. Heaton, Computing Crime: Information Technology, Police Effectiveness and the Organization of Policing (CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5837, Sept. 2006). Available here.

Greg Hampikian et al., The Genetics of Innocence: Analysis of 194 U.S. DNA Exonerations, 12 Ann. Rev. Genomics and Human Genetics 97 (2011). Available here.

John S. Hollywood & Zev Winkelman, Improving Information-Sharing across Law Enforcement: Why Can’t We Know? (RAND Corporation, 2015). Available here.

Frederika Kaestle et al., Database Limitations on the Evidentiary Value of Forensic Mitochondrial DNA Evidence, 43 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 53 (2006). Available here.

Michael Rich, Machine Learning, Automated Suspicion Algorithms, and the Fourth Amendment, U. Pa. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2016). Available here.

Technology in the Courtroom: Making Sense of Emerging Technologies

Jules Epstein, The NAS Report: An Evidence Professor’s Perspective, It’s Evident (July 2009),,%202009%20Epstein%20SPOTLIGHT.

______, Preferring the ‘Wise Man’ to Science: The Failure of Courts and Non-Litigation Mechanisms to Demand Validity in Forensic Matching Testimony, 20 Widener L. Rev. 81 (2014). Available here.

Andrea L. Roth, Safety in Numbers?: Deciding When DNA Alone Is Enough to Convict, 85 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1130 (2010). Available here.

______, Trial by Machine, 104 Geo. L.J. 5 (2016).  Available here.

Rick Visser & Greg Hampikian, When DNA Won’t Work, 49 Idaho L. Rev. 39 (2012). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Forensic Technologies in Flux

Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community, National Research Council, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009). Available here.

M. Chris Fabricant & William Tucker Carrington, The Shifted Paradigm: Forensic Sciences’s Overdue Evolution from Magic to Law, 4 Va. J. Crim. L. 1 (2016). Available here.

Ryan M. Goldstein, Note, Improving Forensic Science through State Oversight, 90 Tex. L. Rev. 225 (2011). Available here (with Pennkey login).

Juan Hinojosa & Lynn Garcia, Response, Improving Forensic Science through State Oversight: The Texas Model, 91 Tex. L. Rev. See Also 19 (2012). Available here.

Erin Murphy, The New Forensics: Criminal Justice, False Certainty, and the Second Generation of Scientific Evidence, 95 Calif. L. Rev. 721 (2007). Available here.

Mark W. Perlin et al., TrueAllele® Genotype Identification on DNA Mixtures Containing up to Five Unknown Contributors, 60 J. Forensic Sci. 857 (2015). Available here.