Introduction to Codes and Standards
What are codes and standards? Where do they come from? How are they made? This module provides essential background information designed to introduce students to the world of voluntary codes and standards. It can be used as a stand-alone lesson or as a supplement or introduction to one of the other course modules. These materials have been prepared by Cary Coglianese, the Edward B. Shils Professor of Law and Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania Law School and the Director of the Penn Program on Regulation.
Applicable courses: Any course where the instructor is introducing students to voluntary codes and standards.
- Overview: Cary Coglianese & Caroline Raschbaum, Teaching Voluntary Codes and Standards to Law Students, 72 Admin. L. Rev. 307-313 (2019)
- Teaching guide: [forthcoming]
- PowerPoint presentation: [forthcoming]
- Gordon Gillerman (Director, Standards Coordination Office, National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce)
Travis Murdock (Manager, Technical Committee Operations, ASTM International)
- What is ASTM, and what does it do?
- Can you describe the process by which ASTM develops standards?
- What else does ASTM do other than develop standards?
- Where do the ideas for standards come from?
- What is the relationship between ASTM standards and government regulations?
- Why should future lawyers learn about the world of standards?
Nathan Osburn (Director, Corporate Communications, ASTM International)
- Can you give an example of an ASTM standard?
- How are voluntary consensus standards made?
- How many standards has ASTM developed?
- How do standards differ from government regulations?
- What value do organizations like ASTM provide to society?
- Why should law students and lawyers learn more about standards?
Mary Saunders (Vice President, Government Relations and Public Policy, American National Standards Institute [ANSI])
- What are some examples of voluntary consensus standards?
- How do private standards differ from government regulations?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of private standards versus government regulations?
- What is the American National Standards Institute (ANSI)?
- How does ANSI accredit standard developers?
- What is an American National Standard?
Sara Yerkes (Senior Vice President, Government Relations, International Code Council