The rapid emergence of ubiquitous computing, widely available wireless connectivity, and “big data” has prompted an increased public interest in information privacy and data security. While individuals differ in their associations with—and definitions for—these topics, recent polls have shown that a majority feel that their privacy is being challenged but are less certain about solutions to this problem.
In recent years, a great deal of technical and legal research has been conducted on these topics, much of which has focused on the duties and capabilities of the technology manufacturers, providers, and resellers. Less well explored are the questions the focus on the user: What can individual consumers of technology do to protect their privacy? Are there hybrid provider-user approaches that might do a better job of protecting privacy than a sole focus on the technology provider? Are there cognitive aspects that providers may need to take into account when enabling user-controlled privacy? Are there generational differences regarding the concept of privacy altogether?
This conference will address these questions by inspiring a constructive conversation through the insight of distinguished scholars and practitioners from the areas of law and philosophy, economics, sociology, cognitive psychology, and technology. Each panel will apply their own perspective and expertise to user-controlled privacy, and the legal, economic, and technical challenges facing a rapidly changing information environment.
(Note: No CLE credit is available for remote viewers).
This program has been approved for 6.5 credit hours (5.5 substantive law/1.0 ethics) for Pennsylvania lawyers. CLE credit may be available in other jurisdictions as well. Attendees seeking CLE credit should bring separate payment in the amount of $97.50 ($48.75 public interest attorneys) cash or check made payable to The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania. For attendees not attending the entire conference, the fee is $15/credit hour.
Alessandro Acquisti (Carnegie Mellon University)
Alessandro Acquisti is an Associate Professor of Information Systems and Public Policy at the Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University, and the co-director of the CMU Center for Behavioral Decision Research (CBDR). He is a fellow of the Ponemon Institute and a member of Carnegie Mellon CyLab and the CyLab Usability, Privacy, and Security (CUPS) lab.
Alessandro’s research investigates the economics and behavioral economics of privacy, and privacy in online social networks. His studies have been published in leading journals across diverse disciplines (such as Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Journal of Consumer Research, Marketing Science, Information Systems Research, Journal of Comparative Economics, ACM Transactions on the Internet), as well as edited books, book chapters, conference proceedings, and numerous international keynotes. Alessandro has been the recipient of the PET Award for Outstanding Research in Privacy Enhancing Technologies, the IBM Best Academic Privacy Faculty Award, the Heinz College’s School of Information Teaching Excellent Award, and various best paper awards. He has been awarded research grants from the National Science Foundation, Transcoop Foundation, Google, and Microsoft. He has been invited to be part of the Federal Trade Commission’s Privacy Roundtables and to co-chair the Cyber-Economics Track at the “National Cyber Leap Year Summit,” as part of the NITRD Program under guidance from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. He is a member of the National Academy of Science’s Committee on Public Response to Alerts and Warnings Using Social Media and Associated Privacy Considerations.
Anita L. Allen (University of Pennsylvania)
Anita L. Allen is an expert on privacy law, bioethics, and contemporary values, and is recognized for her scholarship about legal philosophy, women’s rights, and race relations. She is a graduate of Harvard Law School and received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Michigan. At Penn she is the Vice Provost for Faculty and the Henry R. Silverman Professor of Law and Philosophy. In 2010 she was appointed by President Obama to the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Her books include Unpopular Privacy: What Must We Hide (Oxford, 2011); Everyday Ethics: Opinion-Writing about the Things that Matter Most (Academic Readers/Cognella, 2010); Privacy Law and Society (Thomson/West, 2011); The New Ethics: A Guided Tour of the 21st Century Moral Landscape (Miramax/Hyperion, 2004); Why Privacy Isn’t Everything: Feminist Reflections on Personal Accountability (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003); and Uneasy Access: Privacy for Women in a Free Society (Rowman and Littlefield, 1988).
Jonathan Baron (University of Pennsylvania)
Jonathan Baron studies how people think about moral questions, especially questions about public policy. Current topics of interest are the nature of individual differences in reflective and intuitive thinking, and the possible existence of naïve theories of the role of citizens in democracies, such as the idea that people should vote for their self-interest or for the interests of groups with which they identify.
Ryan Calo (University of Washington)
Ryan Calo is an assistant professor at the University Of Washington School Of Law and an assistant professor (by courtesy) at the Information School. He is a faculty co-director (with Batya Friedman and Tadayoshi Kohno) of the University of Washington Tech Policy Lab, a unique, interdisciplinary research unit that spans the School of Law, Information School, and Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
Professor Calo’s research on law and emerging technology appears or is forthcoming in leading law reviews (California Law Review, University of Chicago Law Review, Stanford Law Review Online, University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online) and technical publications (MIT Press, IEEE, Science, Artificial Intelligence), and is frequently referenced by the mainstream media (NPR, New York Times, Wall Street Journal). Professor Calo has also testified before the full Judiciary Committee of the United States Senate and spoken at the Aspen Ideas Festival and NPR’s Weekend in Washington. In 2014, he was named one of the most important people in robotics by Business Insider. Professor Calo is an affiliate scholar at the Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society (CIS), where he was a research fellow, and the Yale Law School Information Society Project (ISP). He serves on numerous advisory boards, including the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), and the Future of Privacy Forum.
Kelly Caine (Clemson University)
Kelly Caine is an Assistant Professor in the Human-Centered Computing Division of the School of Computing at Clemson University where she directs the Humans and Technology Lab (www.hatlab.org). Her research examines the psychology of privacy, human factors, human-centered computing, usable security, health informatics, human-computer interaction and designing for special populations. She is co-author of Understanding Your Users: A Practical Guide to User Research (2015), and has published dozens of peer-reviewed papers, primarily in multidisciplinary venues. The National Science Foundation, the Institute for Information Infrastructure Protection (I3P) and the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT have supported her work. She is the recipient of multiple awards from institutions such as the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, the Product Design and Marketing Association, the American Public Health Association and the GVU Center. Prior to joining Clemson, she was Principal Research Scientist in the School of Computing at Indiana University and a UX researcher at Google. She holds degrees from the University of South Carolina (B.A.) and the Georgia Institute of Technology (M.S. and Ph.D.).
Lorrie Faith Cranor (Carnegie Mellon University)
Lorrie Faith Cranor is a Professor of Computer Science and of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University where she is director of the CyLab Usable Privacy and Security Laboratory (CUPS) and co-director of the MSIT-Privacy Engineering master’s program. She is also a co-founder of Wombat Security Technologies, Inc. She has authored over 100 research papers on online privacy, usable security, and other topics. She has played a key role in building the usable privacy and security research community, having co-edited the seminal book Security and Usability (O’Reilly 2005) and founded the Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS). She also chaired the Platform for Privacy Preferences Project (P3P) Specification Working Group at the W3C and authored the book Web Privacy with P3P (O’Reilly 2002). She has served on a number of boards, including the Electronic Frontier Foundation Board of Directors, and on the editorial boards of several journals. In 2003 she was named one of the top 100 innovators 35 or younger by Technology Review magazine and in 2014 she was named an ACM Fellow for her contributions to usable privacy and security research and education. She was previously a researcher at AT&T-Labs Research and taught in the Stern School of Business at New York University. In 2012-13 she spent her sabbatical year as a fellow in the Frank-Ratchye STUDIO for Creative Inquiry at Carnegie Mellon University where she worked on fiber arts projects that combined her interests in privacy and security, quilting, computers, and technology. She practices yoga, plays soccer, and runs after her three children.
Roger Dingledine (Tor Project)
Roger Dingledine is the Original developer of Tor along with Nick Mathewson and Paul Syverson. Roger is the leading researcher in the anonymous communications field. He is a frequent speaker at conferences to advocate Tor and explain what Tor is and can do. He also helps coordinate academic researchers.
Kirsten E. Martin (George Washington University)
Kirsten E. Martin is an assistant professor of strategic management & public policy at the George Washington University’s School of Business. She is the principle investigator on a three-year grant from the National Science Foundation to study online privacy. Martin is also a member of the advisory board of the Future Privacy Forum and the Census Bureau’s National Advisory Committee for her work on privacy and the ethics of “big data.” Martin has published academic papers in Journal of Business Ethics, First Monday, Business and Professional Ethics Journal, and Ethics and Information Technology and is co-author of the textbook Business Ethics: A managerial approach. She has written teaching cases for the Business Roundtable Institute for Corporate Ethics including cases on Google in China as well as Bailouts and Bonuses on the financial crisis. She is regularly asked to speak on privacy and the ethics of big data.
Martin earned her BS in engineering from the University of Michigan and her MBA and PhD from the University of Virginia’s Darden Graduate School of Business. Her research interests center on online privacy, corporate responsibility, and stakeholder theory.
Florencia Marotta-Wurgler (New York University)
Florencia Marotta-Wurgler teaches Contracts, Commercial Law, Internet Contracts, Consumer Contracts, the Colloquium on Law and Economics, and a Research Seminar for Future Academics. Her expertise is in online and standard form contracting. Her published research has addressed online standard form contracting with delayed disclosure, contracting in the presence of seller market power, and dispute resolution clauses in consumer standard form contracts. Her recent publication in the Journal of Legal Studies documents the extremely low readership rate of standard form contracts by consumers and discusses implications for regulation of standard terms, such as the effectiveness of mandated disclosure regimes. Her current research focuses on a large empirical project on online privacy policies and disclosure. She has testified before the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation on post-transaction marketing at a hearing titled Aggressive Sales Tactics on the Internet and Their Impact on American Consumers. She is an adviser to the American Law Institute’s Third Restatement of Consumer Contracts, a director of the board of the Law and Economics Association, and a member of the Society of Empirical Legal Studies. She is affiliated with the Engelberg Center on Innovation Law and Policy and is the faculty program director of NYU School of Law in Buenos Aires.
Adam D. Moore (University of Washington)
Adam D. Moore is an Associate Professor in the Information School at the University of Washington examines the ethical, legal, and policy issues surrounding intellectual property, privacy, freedom of speech, accountability, and information control. He is the author of 2 books, 2 edited anthologies, and over 30 articles.
Helen Nissenbaum (New York University)
Helen Nissenbaum is Professor of Media, Culture and Communication, and Computer Science, at New York University, where she is also Director of the Information Law Institute. Her work spans social, ethical, and political dimensions of information technology and digital media. She has written and edited eight books, including Privacy, Big Data and the Public Good: Frameworks for Engagement, with J. Lane, V. Stodden and S. Bender (Cambridge, 2014), Values at Play in Digital Games, with M. Flanagan (MIT Press, 2014), and Privacy in Context: Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life (Stanford, 2010) and her research publications have appeared in journals of philosophy, politics, law, media studies, information studies, and computer science. The National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Ford Foundation, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the National Coordinator have supported her work on privacy, trust online, and security, as well as several studies of values embodied in computer system design, search engines, digital games, facial recognition technology, and health information systems. Nissenbaum holds a Ph.D. in philosophy from Stanford University and a B.A. (Hons) from the University of the Witwatersrand. Before joining the faculty at NYU, she served as Associate Director of the Center for Human Values at Princeton University.
Jonathan Smith (University of Pennsylvania)
Jonathan Smith’s long-term objective is the creation of useful distributed computing systems. The first step towards this objective was design, implementation and experimentation with high-performance network subsystems, primarily in the AURORA Gigabit Testbed project. The second step was giving distributed applications more control over their network systems, primarily in the Protocol Boosters and SwitchWare projects. The third and current step is using cognitive systems approaches to automate configuration and adaptation to the environment, particularly for mobile systems.
Joseph Turow (Annenberg School)
Joseph Turow is Robert Lewis Shayon Professor of Communication at the Annenberg School for Communication. Professor Turow is an elected Fellow of the International Communication Association and was presented with a Distinguished Scholar Award by the National Communication Association. A 2005 New York Times Magazine article referred to Turow as “probably the reigning academic expert on media fragmentation.” In 2012, the TRUSTe internet privacy-management organization designated him a “privacy pioneer” for his research and writing on marketing and digital-privacy. Turow was awarded a Lady Astor Lectureship by Oxford University. He has received several conference paper and book awards and has lectured widely. He was invited to give the McGovern Lecture at the University Of Texas College Of Communication, the Pockrass Distinguished Lecture at Penn State University, and the Chancellor’s Distinguished Lecture at Louisiana State University.
Joe currently serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Poetics, and Media Industries. He also has served as the elected chair of the Mass Communication Division of the International Communication Association. He has authored nine books, edited five, and written more than 150 articles on mass media industries. His most recent books are Media Today: Mass Communication in a Converging World (Routledge, 2014) and The Daily You: How the New Advertising Industry is Defining Your Identity and Your World (Yale, 2012). In 2010 the University of Michigan Press published Playing Doctor: Television, Storytelling, and Medical Power, a history of prime time TV and the sociopolitics of medicine and in 2013 it won the McGovern Health Communication Award from the University Of Texas College Of Communication.
Jeffrey L. Vagle (University of Pennsylvania)
Jeffrey L. Vagle is Lecturer in Law and Executive Director of the Center for Technology, Innovation and Competition at the University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School. Mr. Vagle is also an Affiliate Scholar with the Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society. His research interests include surveillance law, cryptography and cybersecurity law, electronic privacy, Internet architecture, and networked economies and societies. A particular focus of his work is the study of the societal, political, historical, and economic effects of government surveillance, especially among marginalized or disenfranchised populations. Mr. Vagle writes and speaks regularly on privacy, data security, surveillance, and other cyberlaw-related topics, and is the author of several law review and technical articles, including, most recently, “Furtive Encryption: Power, Trust, and the Constitutional Cost of Collective Surveillance,” recently published in the Indiana Law Journal. He earned his JD from Temple University School of Law, where he was Editor-in-Chief of the Temple International and Comparative Law Journal. Mr. Vagle is also a veteran, serving in both the U.S. Marine Corps as an infantry non-commissioned officer and in the U.S. Army as an intelligence officer.
Hal R. Varian is the Chief Economist at Google. He started in May 2002 as a consultant and has been involved in many aspects of the company, including auction design, econometric, finance, corporate strategy and public policy. He is also an emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley in three departments: business, economics, and information management. He received his S.B. degree from MIT in 1969 and his MA and Ph.D. from UC Berkeley in 1973. Professor Varian has published numerous papers in economic theory, econometrics, industrial organization, public finance, and the economics of information technology.
John Verdi is the Director of Privacy Initiatives at the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). NTIA, located within the US Department of Commerce, is the principal advisor to the President on telecommunications and information policy issues. Mr. Verdi’s work focuses on digital privacy and security issues; he leads NTIA’s privacy multistakeholder process. Prior to joining NTIA, Mr. Verdi was General Counsel for the Electronic Privacy Information Center, where he supervised the organization’s litigation program, pursued federal lawsuits regarding privacy issues, and authored Supreme Court briefs. He is the co-editor of Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws (25 th Edition). Mr. Verdi earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 2002 and his B.A. in Philosophy, Politics, and Law from SUNY-Binghamton in 1998.
Tess Wilkinson-Ryan (University of Pennsylvania)
Tess Wilkinson-Ryan studies the psychology of legal decision-making. Her research addresses the role of moral judgment in legal decision making, with a particular focus on private contracts and negotiations. She uses experimental methods from psychology and behavioral economics to ask how people draw on their moral intuitions to motivate or inform legal choices. Recent research topics include mortgage borrowing and default, retirement planning, contract precautions, and the cognitive and emotional response to breach of contract. In 2012 she was awarded the A. Leo Levin Award for Excellence in an Introductory Course.
Heng Xu (Pennsylvania State University)
Dr. Heng Xu is a tenured associate professor of Information Sciences and Technology at the Pennsylvania State University. She leads the Privacy Assurance Lab (PAL), an inter-disciplinary research group working on a diverse set of projects related to understanding and assuring information privacy. She is also the associate director of the Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy and Trust (LIONS Center) at Penn State.
Dr. Xu is currently on a temporary rotation as a Program Director at the US National Science Foundation for Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace (SaTC) Program in the Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences.
Her current research focus is on the interplay between social and technological issues associated with information privacy. She approaches privacy issues through a combination of empirical, theoretical, and technical research efforts. Her research projects have been dealing with individuals’ information privacy concerns and behaviors, strategic management of organizational privacy and security practices, and design and empirical evaluations of privacy-enhancing technologies. At Penn State, she teaches courses on security and risk analysis, integration of privacy and security, human information behavior, and organizational informatics. Her interdisciplinary research and education have been sponsored by multiple grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and National Security Agency.
Dr. Xu has authored over 80 research papers on information privacy, security management, human-computer interaction, and technology innovation adoption. Her award winning work has been published in premier outlets across various fields such as Information Systems, Law, Computer Science, and Human-Computer Interaction, including MIS Quarterly, Information Systems Research, Journal of Management Information Systems, Decision Support Systems, University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Proceedings of the International World Wide Web Conference (WWW), Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing (CSCW), and many others.
Dr. Xu has been a recipient of an NSF Career award (2010) and the endowed PNC Technologies Career Development Professorship (2010-2013). She has received a number of best paper nominations and awards at leading conferences such as the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 2013 (Best Paper Honorable Mention Award), International Conference on Electronic Commerce 2012 (Best Paper Nominee), iConference 2009 (Best Paper Award), and International Conference on Information Systems (Best Theme Paper runner-up in ICIS 2003, and Best Doctoral Dissertation runner-up in ICIS 2006). Her interdisciplinary privacy research has been featured in the Wall Street Journal Digits, The Daily Mail, Science Daily; on the Kathleen Dunn Show that airs live on Wisconsin Public Radio, and on TV Show - To the Best of My Knowledge that airs live in Central Pennsylvania.
Christopher Yoo (University of Pennsylvania)
Christopher Yoo has emerged as one of the nation’s leading authorities on law and technology. His research focuses on how the principles of network engineering and the economics of imperfect competition can provide insights into the regulation of electronic communications. He has been a leading voice in the “network neutrality” debate that has dominated Internet policy over the past several years. He is also pursuing research on copyright theory as well as the history of presidential power. He is the author of The Dynamic Internet: How Technology, Users, and Businesses Are Transforming the Network (AEI Press, 2012), Networks in Telecommunications: Economics and Law (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2009) (with Daniel F. Spulber) and The Unitary Executive: Presidential Power from Washington to Bush (Yale Univ. Press, 2008) (with Steven G. Calabresi). Yoo testifies frequently before Congress, the Federal Communications Commission, and the Federal Trade Commission.