Background Readings

Panel 1:  Should the United States enter into negotiations with North Korea to resolve its ongoing conflict?

Allison, Graham, “The North Korean Threat Beyond ICBMs,” The Atlantic, Aug. 28, 2017, at https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/08/north-korea-nuclear-kim-obama-china/538194/.

Andre, Paul. “Can North Korea Follow the ‘Chinese Way?’ The Tricky Case of Constitutionalizing a Socialist Regime.” Journal of East Asian Affairs, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 53-84. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23757898. Accessed 1 June 2017

Cargill, Thomas F., and Elliott Parker. “Economic Reform and Alternatives for North Korea.” The Survival of North Korea: Essays on Strategy, Economics, and International Relations, edited by Kim, Suk Hi, et al., McFarland & Co., 2011, pp. 99-116, www.business.unr.edu/faculty/parker/Cargill-Parker_NK_2010.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2017.  

Cathcart, Adam, and Steven Denney. “North Korea’s Cultural Diplomacy in the Early Kim Jong-un Era.” North Korean Review, vol. 9, no. 2, 2013, pp. 29-42. White Rose Research Online, eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/80373/. Accessed 9 June 2017.

Chanlett-Avery, Emma, Ian E. Rinehart, and Mary Beth D. Nikitin. “North Korea: U.S. Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation.” Congressional Research Service, 15 Jan. 2016. ProQuest Congressional, congressional.proquest.com/congressional/docview/t21.d22.crs-2016-fdt-0041?accountid=14707. Accessed 14 June 2017.

Clemens, Walter C., Jr. “North Korea: What Options Remain?” The Diplomat, 19 Sept. 2016, thediplomat.com/2016/09/north-korea-what-options-remain/. Accessed 7 June 2017.

—-.”The Role of Culture in Negotiations with the North.” The Journal of East Asian Affairs vol. 19, no. 2, 2005, pp. 43-66. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23257916. Accessed 21 June 2017.

Cohen, Roberta. “Human Rights and Humanitarian Planning for Crisis in North Korea.” International Journal of Korean Studies, vol. 19, no. 2, 2015, pp. 1-25. International Council on Korean Studies, www.icks.org/html/main.php. Accessed 2 June 2017

Corrado, Jonathan, and Brian Moore. “North Korea’s Outsourced Workforce: How Defectors Slipped Through China’s Borders.” Foreign Affairs, 9 June 2016, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2016-06-09/north-koreas-outsourced-workforce.

Einhorn, Robert. “Should America Reengage with North Korea?” Brookings Institution, 3 July 2014, www.brookings.edu/opinions/should-america-reengage-with-north-korea/. Accessed 5 July 2017.

Fifield, Anna. “Dennis Rodman is back in North Korea. Was he sent by Trump?” The Washington Post, 13 June 2017, www.washingtonpost.com/world/dennis-rodman-is-on-his-way-to-north-korea-was-he-sent-by-trump/2017/06/12/5c9c19cc-4fd9-11e7-a973-3dae94ed3eb7_story.html?utm_term=.8e0ab5d8820e. Accessed 10 July 2017.

Garside, Juliette and Luke Harding.  “British banker set up firm ‘used by North Korea to sell weapons’”  The Guardian, 4 April 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/news/2016/apr/04/panama-papers-briton-set-up-firm-allegedly-used-by-north-korea-weapons-sales

—-. “What does Kim Jong Un want with all these missile tests? Talks, perhaps?” The Washington Post, 8 June 2017, www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/what-does-kim-jong-un-want-with-all-these-missile-tests-talks-perhaps/2017/06/08/85125afe-49cd-11e7-b69d-c158df3149e9_story.html?utm_term=.e3a820d31e12. Accessed 10 July 2017.

Ha, Yong Chool, and Chaesung Chun. “North Korea’s Brinkmanship and the Task to Solve the “Nuclear Dilemma”.” Asian Perspective, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 87–109. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/42704703.

Haggard, Stephan. “Negotiating a Korean Settlement: The Role of Sanctions.” KoreaObserver, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 939-961. Institute of Korean Studieshttp://www.iks.or.kr/rankup_module/rankup_board/attach/vol47no4/14833218246594.pdf.

Hecker, Siegfried. “The U.S. Must Talk to North Korea.” New York Times, 12 January 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/12/opinion/the-us-must-talk-to-north-korea.html?_r=0.

Hudson, John and David Francis. “Why Did Sanctions Fail Against North Korea?” Foreign 
Policy, 9 September 2016, www.foreignpolicy.com/2016/09/09/why-did-sanctions-fail-against-north-korea/. Accessed 8 June 2017.

Jung, Seung-Ho. “Effects of Economic Sanctions on North Korea-China Trade: A Dynamic Panel Analysis.” Seoul Journal of Economics, vol. 29, no. 4, 2016, pp. 481-503. SSRN, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2878409.

Kim, Bomi. “North Korea’s Siege Mentality: A Sociopolitical Analysis of the Kim Jong-un Regime’s Foreign Policies.” Asian Perspective, vol. 40, 2016, pp. 223-244. Lynne Reinner Publishershttp://journals.rienner.com/doi/pdf/10.5555/0258-9184-40.2.223?code=lrpi-site.

Kim, Jin A. “UN Sanctions as an Instrument of Coercive Diplomacy Against North Korea.” Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, vol. 26, no. 3, 2014, pp. 315-332. Korean Studies Information Service System, http://kiss.kstudy.com/journal/thesis_name.asp?tname=kiss2002&key=3261263

Kim, Rakhyun E. and Saleem H. Ali. “Green Diplomacy-An Opportunity for Peace-building?” Environmental Policy and Law, vol. 46, no. 1, Feb. 2016, pp. 86-96. ProQuest, proxy.library.upenn.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1790608958?accountid=14707.

Krasner, Stephen. “A Least Worst Option on North Korea.” Lawfare, 15 May 2017, Lawfare Institute & Brookings Institution, www.lawfareblog.com/least-worst-option-north-korea

Lee, Jong-Woon, and Kevin Gray. “Cause for Optimism? Financial Sanctions and the Rise of the Sino-North Korean Border Economy.” Review of International Political Economy, vol. 24, no. 3, 2017, pp. 424-453. Taylor & Francis Online, dx.doi.org/10.1080/09692290.2017.1301977.

Lee, Seung-Ook. “A Geo-Economic Object or an Object of Geo-Political Absorption? Competing Visions of North Korea in South Korean Politics.” Journal of Contemporary Asia, vol. 45, no. 4, 2015, pp. 693-714. Taylor & Francis Online, dx.doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2015.1023333.

Luhn, Alec. “Russia Wants North Korea’s Money, Not Its Refugees.” Foreign Policy, 25 January 2017, foreignpolicy.com/2017/01/25/russia-wants-north-koreas-money-not-its-refugees/.

Lynch, Colum. “Confidential U.N. Report Details North Korea’s Front Companies in China.” Foreign Policy, 28 February 2017, foreignpolicy.com/2017/02/28/confidential-u-n-report-details-north-koreas-front-companies-in-china/.

McNamara, Luke.  “Why is North Korea So Interested in Bitcoin?”  Threat Research Blog, www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/09/north-korea-interested-in-bitcoin.html.  Accessed 13 September 2017.

Moon, Katharine H.S. and Paul Park. “Are Sanctions Enough to Deal with North Korea?” Web log post. Order From Chaos. Brookings Institute, 2 March 2016, www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2016/03/02/are-sanctions-enough-to-deal-with-north-korea/.

Mullen, Mike, et al. A Sharper Choice on North Korea: Engaging China for a Stable Northeast Asia. Council on Foreign Relations, 2016. www.cfr.org/sites/default/files/pdf/2016/09/TFR74_North%20Korea.pdf.

Park, Young Ho. “South and North Korea’s Views on the Unification of the Korean Peninsula and Inter-Korean Relations.” Brookings Institution, 2014, www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Park-Young-Ho-paper.pdf.

Reilly, James. “The Curious Case of China’s Aid to North Korea.” Asian Survey, vol. 54, no. 6, 2014, pp. 1158-1183. University of California Press, dx.doi.org/10.1525/as.2014.54.6.1158. Accessed 3 June 2017.

Sanger, David E. and William J. Broad. “North Korea’s Missile Success is Linked to Ukrainian Plant, Investigators Say.” The New York Times, 14 Aug. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/14/world/asia/north-korea-missiles-ukraine-factory.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “Trump Reminded Threats Work Differently in Diplomacy than in Real Estate.” The New York Times, 16 Aug. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/15/world/asia/trump-korea-iran-venezuela.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “Talk of ‘Preventive War’ Rises in White House over North Korea.” The New York Times, 20 Aug. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/20/world/asia/north-korea-war-trump.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “Trump Forges Ahead on Costly Nuclear Overhaul.” The New York Times, 27 Aug. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/27/us/politics/trump-nuclear-overhaul.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “North Korea Fires Missile Over Japan.” The New York Times, 28 Aug. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/28/world/asia/north-korea-missile.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “How the U.S. Could Respond to Another North Korean Missile Test.” The New York Times, 7 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/07/world/asia/north-korea-missile-test-us-options.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. and Choe Sang-Hun. “North Korea Launches another Missile, Escalating Crisis.” The New York Times, 14 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/14/world/asia/north-korea-missile.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. and William J. Broad. “The Rare, Potent Fuel Powering North Korea’s Weapons.” The New York Times, 17 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/17/world/asia/north-korea-rocket-fuel-missiles.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “The Contradiction Buried in Trump’s Iran and North Korea Policies.” The New York Times, 20 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/20/world/asia/trump-iran-north-korea-.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “In Tillerson’s China Stop, Questions on North Korea but Slim Chance of Clarity.” The New York Times, 29 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/29/world/asia/rex-tillerson-china-north-korea.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Snyder, Scott. Negotiating on the Edge. United States Institute of Peace Press, 1999.

Talmadge, Eric.  “Pyongyang challenge: Should US shoot Kim’s missiles down?”  Associated Press, 11 August 2017, https://apnews.com/839865501c6e4d8084c5f5258fb7f656/Pyongyang-challenge:-Should-US-shoot-Kim’s-missiles-down.

Tan, Pearly. “Russia Agrees Deal to Slash North Korean Debt by 90%.” Time, 20 April 2014, time.com/69790/russia-agrees-deal-to-slash-north-korean-debt-by-90/.

United Nations, The Security Council Committee pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006). Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006). The United Nations, www.un.org/sc/suborg/en/sanctions/1718.

Warrick, Joby. “A North Korean Ship was Seized off Egypt with a Huge Cache of Weapons Destined for a Surprising Buyer.” The Washington Post, 1 Oct. 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/a-north-korean-ship-was-seized-off-egypt-with-a-huge-cache-of-weapons-destined-for-a-surprising-buyer/2017/10/01/d9a4e06e-a46d-11e7-b14f-f41773cd5a14_story.html?undefined=&utm_term=.c61e31
3827ae&wpisrc=nl_most&wpmm=1
.

Wu, Anne. “What China Whispers to North Korea.” The Washington Quarterly, vol. 28, no. 2, March 2005, pp. 35-48. Project Muse, dx.doi.org/10.1162/0163660053295239.

Wright, Robin.  “What Would War with North Korean Look Like?”  The New Yorker, 6 September 2017, https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/what-would-war-with-north-korea-look-like.

Yong, Soo Park. “Policies and Ideologies of the Kim Jong-un Regime in North Korea: Theoretical Implications.” Asian Studies Review, vol. 38, no. 1, 24 Dec. 2013, pp. 1-14. Taylor & Francis Online, dx.doi.org/10.1080/10357823.2013.868864.

Zook, Darren C. “Reforming North Korea: Law, Politics, and the Market Economy.” Stanford Journal of International Law, vol. 48, 2012, pp. 131-183. University of California, Berkeleypolisci.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/people/u3873/Zook_NorthKorea_reform_SJIL.pdf.

 

PANEL 2:  Were the United States to enter into negotiations with North Korea, which strategies and tools would be most effective? 

Bar-Tal, Daniel. “From Intractable Conflict Through Conflict Resolution to Reconciliation: Psychological Analysis.” Political Psychology, vol. 21, no. 2, 2000, pp. 351-365. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3791795?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents. Accessed 29 June 2017.

Bee, Ronald J. “Sanctions and nonproliferation.” Great Decisions, 2011, pp. 73-86. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/43682304. Accessed 15 June 2017.

Çelik, Ayşe Betül, and Bahar Rumelili. “Necessary But Not Sufficient: The Role of the EU in Resolving Turkey’s Kurdish Question and the Greek-Turkish Conflicts.” European Foreign Affairs Review, vol. 11, 2006, pp. 203-222. HeinOnline, http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?public=false&handle=hein.kluwer/eurofa0011&collection=kluwer&id=207. Accessed 29 June 2017.

Cohen, Johnathan R. “A Genesis of Conflict: The Zero-Sum Mindset.” Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 17, no. 2, 28 Apr. 2016, pp. 427-444. SSRN, dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2771103. Accessed 14 June 2017.

Diamond, Stuart. “Public Issues.” Getting More. Crown Business, 2010, pp. 344-369.  https://www.amazon.com/Getting-More-Negotiate-Achieve-2010-12-28/dp/B008HVHB6K/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1505937099&sr=8-2&keywords=Getting+More+by+Stuart+Diamond 

Kelman, Herbert C. “The Political Psychology of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: How Can We Overcome the Barriers to a Negotiated Solution?” Political Psychology, vol. 8, no. 3 Sept. 1987, pp. 347-363. JSTORwww.jstor.org/stable/3791039. Accessed 14 June 2017.

Lavin, Andrew K. “Achieving Peace in Iraq Through Negotiations: Lessons Learned from the Northern Ireland Peace Process.” Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution, vol. 24, no. 3, 2009, pp. 571-612. HeinOnline, http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?public=false&handle=hein.journals/ohjdpr24&collection=journals&id=577. Accessed 29 June 2017.

Mitchell, Christopher. The Nature of Intractable Conflict: Resolution in the Twenty-First Century. Springer, 2014. https://www.amazon.com/Nature-Intractable-Conflict-Resolution-Twenty-First/dp/1403945195  

Mnookin, Robert H. “When Not to Negotiate: A Negotiation Imperialist Reflects on Appropriate Limits.” University of Colorado Law Review, vol. 74, 2003, pp. 1077–1106.

Richardson, Bill. How to Sweet-Talk a Shark: Strategies and Stories from a Master Negotiator. Rodale, 2013.
https://www.amazon.com/How-Sweet-Talk-Shark-Strategies-Negotiator-ebook/dp/B00BY59074 

Rubin, Michael. “WHY ‘RESET’ FAILED: Diplomacy with Rogues Rarely Works.” World Affairs, vol. 177, no. 2, July 2014, pp. 74-81. JSTORwww.jstor.org/stable/43556205. Accessed 8 June 2017.

Sanger, David E. “U.S. Opens Door to Talks with North Korea, While Flexing Military Muscle.” The New York Times, 3 Aug. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/02/us/politics/tillerson-north-korea-negotiations-missile-test.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “North Korean Nuclear Test Draws U.S. Warning of ‘Massive Military Response’.” The New York Times, 3 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/03/world/asia/north-korea-tremor-possible-6th-nuclear-test.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. and Motoko Rich. “Motives of North Korea’s Leader Baffle Americans and Allies”. The New York Times, 4 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/03/world/asia/north-korea-kim-jong-un.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. and Choe Sang-Hun. “U.S. Urges Fuel Cutoff for North Korea, Saying it’s ‘Begging for War’.” The New York Times, 4 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/04/world/asia/north-korea-missile-test.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “U.S. Seeks U.N. Consent to Interdict North Korean Ships.” The New York Times, 6 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/06/world/us-un-north-korea-sanctions.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger&action=click&contentCollection=undefined&region=stream&module=stream_unit&version=
latest&contentPlacement=6&pgtype=collection
.

Sanger, David E. “After U.S. Compromise, Security Council Strengthens North Korea Sanctions.” The New York Times, 11 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/11/world/asia/us-security-council-north-korea.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “Prospect of Atmospheric Nuclear Test by North Korea Raises Specter of Danger.” The New York Times, 22 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/22/world/asia/north-korea-atmospheric-nuclear-test-risks.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. and Peter Baker. “White House Weighs Response to North Korea’s Threats.” The New York Times, 23 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/22/world/asia/trump-north-korea-kim-jong-un.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. and Rick Gladstone. “North Korea Says it has the Right to Shoot Down U.S. Warplanes.” The New York Times, 25 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/25/world/asia/trump-north-korea.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. “U.S. in Direct Communication with North Korea, Says Tillerson.” The New York Times, 30 Sept. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/30/world/asia/us-north-korea-tillerson.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Sanger, David E. and Peter Baker. “Trump Says Tillerson is ‘Wasting His Time’ on North Korea.” The New York Times, 1 Oct. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/01/us/politics/trump-tillerson-north-korea.html?rref=collection%2Fbyline%2Fdavid-e.-sanger.

Schwartz, Jonathan B. “Dealing with a “Rogue State”: The Libya Precedent.” The American Journal of International Law, vol. 101, no. 3, July 2007, pp. 553-580. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4492935. Accessed 7 June 2017.

St. John, Ronald Bruce. “”Libya Is Not Iraq”: Preemptive Strikes, WMD and Diplomacy.” Middle East Journal, vol. 58, no. 3, 2004, pp. 386-402. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4330031. Accessed 8 June 2017.

Suleman, Arsalan M. “Bargaining in the Shadow of Violence: The NPT, IAEA, and Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Negotiations.” Berkeley Journal of International Law, vol. 26, no. 1, 2008, pp. 206–252, dx.doi.org/doi:10.15779/Z38NQ0J. Accessed 14 June 2017.

Vallacher, Robin R., Peter T. Coleman, Andrzej Nowak, and Lan Bui-Wrzosinska. “Rethinking Intractable Conflict.” American Psychologist, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 262-278, doi: 10.1037/a0019290. Accessed 29 June 2017.

Wit, Joel S, “Back Channel to North Korea,” The Atlantic, Aug. 13, 2017, at https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/08/back-channel-to-north-korea/536721/.