Panel 1: Cybersecurity and Artificial Intelligence (AI)

  1. “Executive Order on Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence.” The White House, The United States Government, www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-maintaining-american-leadership-artificial-intelligence/.
  2. “Summary of the 2018 Department Of Defense Artificial Intelligence Strategy.” DSIAC, www.dsiac.org/resources/news/summary-2018-department-defense-artificial-intelligence-strategy.
  3. United States, Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology. “U.S. Leadership in AI: A Plan for Federal Engagement in Developing Technical Standards and Related Tools,” 10 Aug. 2019. www.nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/2019/08/10/ai_standards_fedengagement_plan_9aug2019.pdf
  4.  DoD Directive 3000.09, “Autonomy in Weapons Systems,” November 21, 2012, as amended, https://www.esd.whs.mil/portals/54/documents/dd/issuances/dodd/300009p.pdf
  5. Andrews, Jonathan. “The AIM Initiative: A Strategy for Augmenting Intelligence Using Machines.” Home, www.dni.gov/index.php/newsroom/reports-publications/item/1940-the-aim-initiative-a-strategy-for-augmenting-intelligence-using-machines?tmpl=component&print=1.
  6. Brundage, Miles, et al. “The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence: Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation.” ArXiv.org, 20 Feb. 2018, https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.07228.  
  7. Henry A. Kissinger, Eric Schmidt. “The Metamorphosis.” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, 11 July 2019, www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2019/08/henry-kissinger-the-metamorphosis-ai/592771/.
  8. Report of the Attorney General’s Cyber Digital Task Force. United States Department of Justice, 2 July 2018, www.justice.gov/ag/page/file/1076696/download.
  9. Tucker, Patrick. “Military Scientists Harness AI To Fight Synthetic Opioids.” Defense One, 21 Aug. 2019, www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/08/military-scientists-harness-ai-fight-synthetic-opioids/159331/.
  10. Sayler, Kelley M. “Artificial Intelligence and National Security: A Congressional Research Service Report.” R45178, 30 Jan. 2019, https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/details?prodcode=R45178.
  11. Strout, Nathan. “How the Pentagon Is Tackling Deepfakes as a National Security Problem.” C4ISRNET, C4ISRNET, 29 Aug. 2019, www.c4isrnet.com/information-warfare/2019/08/29/how-the-pentagon-is-tackling-deepfakes-as-a-national-security-problem/.
  12. Lopez, C. Todd. “DOD Seeks Ethicist to Guide Deployment of Artificial Intelligence.” U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, 3 Sept. 2019, www.defense.gov/explore/story/Article/1950724/dod-seeks-ethicist-to-guide-deployment-of-artificial-intelligence/source/GovDelivery/.

Panel 2: Biological and Chemical Convergence

  1. Tucker, Jonathan B. Innovation, Dual Use, and Security: Managing the Risks of Emerging Biological and Chemical Technologies. MIT Press, 2012.
  2. Kania, Elsa B., and Wilson VornDick. “Weaponizing Biotech: How China’s Military Is Preparing for a ‘New Domain of Warfare’.” Defense One, 14 Aug. 2019, www.defenseone.com/ideas/2019/08/chinas-military-pursuing-biotech/159167/.
  3. Cervenka, Susanne. “Lyme Disease as War Weapon? Rep. Chris Smith’s Push for Probe Advances after Call for Trump to Investigate.” Asbury Park Press, Asbury Park Press, 17 July 2019, www.app.com/story/news/health/2019/07/16/lyme-disease-bioweapon-rep-chris-smiths-call-probe-advances/1735651001/.
  4. National Biodefense Strategy. https://fas.org/irp/threat/cbw/biodef-strat.pdf
  5. Tucker, Jonathan B. “The Convergence of Biology and Chemistry: Implications for Arms Control Verification - Jonathan B. Tucker, 2010.” SAGE Journals, 3 Nov. 2016, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0096340210387050
  6. “Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.” OPCW, www.opcw.org/.
  7. Willman, David. “Trump Administration Gutted Anti-Terrorism Programs. Bipartisan Officials Want an Explanation.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 5 Sept. 2019, www.latimes.com/politics/story/2019-09-05/bipartisan-congressional-officials-trump-administration-cuts-anti-wmd-terrorism
  8. Sutton, Victoria. “Emerging Biotechnologies and the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention: Can it Keep Up with the Biotechnology Revolution?” (2015), https://scholarship.law.tamu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1083&context=lawreview 

Panel 3: Biological Enhancements and Genetics

  1. Greene, Marsha, and Zubin Master. “Ethical Issues of Using CRISPR Technologies for Research on Military Enhancement.” Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, vol. 15, no. 3, 2018, pp. 327–335., doi:10.1007/s11673-018-9865-6.
  2. “What Is CRISPR-Cas9?” Facts, The Public Engagement Team at the Wellcome Genome Campus, 19 Dec. 2016, www.yourgenome.org/facts/what-is-crispr-cas9.
  3. Doudna, Jennifer A., and Samuel H. Sternberg. A Crack in Creation: Gene Editing and the Unthinkable Power to Control Evolution. Mariner Books, 2018.
  4. Bidshahri, Raya. “The Power to Upgrade Our Own Biology Is in Sight-But Is Society Ready for Human Enhancement?” Singularity Hub, 26 Apr. 2019, https://singularityhub.com/2018/02/15/the-power-to-upgrade-our-biology-and-the-ethics-of-human-enhancement/
  5. KRISHNAN, ARMIN. Military Neuroscience and the Coming Age of Neurowarfare. ROUTLEDGE, 2018.
  6. Jesse Kirkpatrick, Editing Biosecurity

Panel 4: Nanotechnology

  1. Chandler, David L., and MIT News Office. “New Nanoparticle Catalysts Could Reduce Need for Precious Metals.” MIT News, 19 May 2016, news.mit.edu/2016/new-nanoparticle-catalysts-could-reduce-need-precious-metals-0519.
  2. Monte, Louis A. Del. “Are Nanoweapons Paving the Road to Human Extinction?” HuffPost, HuffPost, 3 June 2017, www.huffpost.com/entry/are-nanoweapons-paving-the-road-to-human-extinction_b_59332a52e4b00573ab57a3fe.
  3. “National Nanotechnology Initiative.” Nano. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Aug. 2019. https://www.nano.gov/ 
  4. Daniels, Jeff. “Mini-Nukes and Mosquito-like Robot Weapons Being Primed for Future Warfare.” CNBC, CNBC, 18 Mar. 2017, www.cnbc.com/2017/03/17/mini-nukes-and-inspect-bot-weapons-being-primed-for-future-warfare.html.
  5. Sutton, Victoria. “Military Technologies, Nanotechnology and Law: Using Nano-Science Fiction as an Analytical Tool” (July 2012), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2103339 

Technology in General

  1. “Are You Ready for the Technological Revolution?” https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/02/are-you-ready-for-the-technological-revolution/
  2. Eric T. Jensen, The Future of the Law of Armed Conflict: Ostriches, Butterflies, and Nanobots , 35 Mich. J. Int’l L. 253 (2014). Available at: http://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol35/iss2/3
  3. Boffey, Daniel. “Robot, Heal Thyself: Scientists Develop Self-Repairing Machines.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 7 Aug. 2019, www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/aug/07/robot-heal-thyself-scientists-develop-self-repairing-machines.
  4. “US Army.” Fox News, FOX News Network, www.foxnews.com/category/tech/topics/us-army.
  5. Sutton, Victoria. “A Multidisciplinary Approach to an Ethic of Biodefense and Bioterrorism” 33 J.L. Med. & Ethics 310, 2005, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2122590