Panel 1: The carnage of war, terrorist attacks, and classified information: What are a journalist’s ethical limits on reporting? 

Sam Lebovic, Free Speech and Unfree News: The Paradox of Press Freedom in America (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2016) (EXCERPTS)  (25 pages)

Paul Chadwick, Reporting on Terror Without Feeding It, THE GUARDIAN (June 9, 2017),  (4 pages)

Megan Garber, The Malaysia Air Crash: Should We Publish Pictures of Bodies?, THE ATLANTIC (July 17, 2014),   (3 pages)

Brigette L. Nacos, Revisiting the Contagion Hypothesis: Terrorism, News Coverage, and Copycat Attacks, 3 PERSP. ON TERRORISM, no. 3, 2009,  (3 pages)

Panel 2: Leaks of classified information and whistleblower protection: Do the laws strike the right balance for journalists?

Hannah Gurman. National Security Whistleblowing: The Creation of An Impossibility. (Draft). Available for reading. 

Suelette Dreyfus, Reeva Lederman, Simon K Milton & Jessie Schanzle, Human Sources: The Journalist and the Whistleblower in the Digital Era, in JOURNALISM RESEARCH AND INVESTIGATION IN A DIGITAL WORLD, 48 (A.J Brown, David Lewis, Richard Moberly & Wim Vandekerckhove ed., 2014), (15 pages)

Robert D. Epstein, Note, Balancing National Security and Free-Speech Rights: Why Congress Should Revise the Espionage Act, 15 CATH. U.J.L. & TECH. 483 (2007),  (Read pages 28-34)  (6 pages)

David E. Pozen, The Leaky Leviathan: Why the Government Condemns and Condones Unlawful Disclosures of Information, in Harv. L. Rev. 127, 512 (2013),  (Read pages 605-633)  (28 pages)

Geoffrey Stone, Prosecuting The Press For Publishing Classified Information: An Original Paper Produced for CERL’s Ethics of Secrecy Conference (4 pages)


Panel 3: Court subpoenas and government surveillance: Have our laws left journalists too exposed?

Brian Fleming and Barry Pollack,Charging Journalists Under the Espionage Act: Have We Reached a Tipping Point?” (ABSTRACT)

Gabriel Schoenfeld, Time for a Shield Law?, NATIONAL AFFAIRS, Spring 2014, at 87, (10 pages)

Edward Wasserman, Safeguarding the News in the Era of Disruptive Sources, 32 J. MEDIA ETHICS, no.2, 2017, at 72,  (13 pages)

UNESCO, Protecting Journalism Sources in the Digital Age (April 27, 2017), 11-13, 87-94,   (4 pages)

Panel 4: Protecting society from “fake news” and weaponized information: 

Michael Barthel, Amy Mitchell & Jesse Holcomb, Many Americans Believe Fake News Is Sowing Confusion, PEW RESEARCH CENTER, (Dec. 15 2016),  (3 pages)

Elizabeth Dwoskin, Caitlin Dewey & Craig Timberg, Why Facebook and Google are Struggling to Purge Fake News, WASH. POST, (Nov. 15 2016),  (3 pages)

Anthony Faiola & Stephanie Kirchner, How do you stop fake news? In Germany, with a law, WASH. POST (Apr. 5, 2017),  (3 pages)

David O. Klein & Joshua R. Wueller, Fake News: A Legal Perspective, 20 J. INTERNET L., no. 10, 2017, at 1, 6-13,  (8 pages)

Meredith A. Levine, Journalism Ethics and the Goldwater Rule in a “Post-Truth” Media World, 45 J. AM. ACAD. PSYCHIATRY & LAW, no. 2, June 2017, at 241, /2/241 (7 pages)

Jacob L. Nelson, Is ‘fake news’ a fake problem?, COLUM. JOURNALISM REV. (Jan. 11, 2017),   (4 pages)


Panel 5: Journalists at risk: online harassment, physical attacks and intimidation 

Committee To Protect Journalists: Covering News In A Changing and Dangerous World, Chapter 4: Armed Conflict:  (4 pages)

Kylie Tuosto, The “Grunt Truth” of Embedded Journalism: The New Media/Military Relationship, 10 STAN J. INT’l L. 18-31 (2015)  (12 pages)

Wojciech Adamczyk, Killed in Action: Female Investigative Reporters, War Correspondents and Local Journalists, and the Risk of Death or Becoming a Victim of Violence, 3 SRODKOWO EUROPEJSKIE STUDIA POLITYCZNE 77 (2014),  (19 pages)

Ben Saul, The International Protection of Journalists in Armed Conflict and Other Violent Situations, 14 AUSTRALIAN J. HUM. RTS 99 (2008),  (31 pages)

Panel 6: National Security Journalism In the Age of Trump

Marc Ambinder Higher Restraint: National Security Reporting in an Age of Information Anarchy (and President Trump) (October 5, 2017). Available at SSRN:

Samantha Power, Why Foreign Propaganda Is More Dangerous Now, N.Y. TIMES, Sept. 19, 2017,  (4 pages)

S.I. Strong, Alternative Facts and the Post-Truth Society: Meeting the Challenge, 165 U. PA. L. REV. 137 (2017),  (10 pages)