Background Readings 

Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 (as amended, at 22 U.S.C. § 611 et seq.)                                          

Title 28 C.F.R. Part 5                                                                                                                                         

FARA Statutory Index                                                                                                                                          

Nick Robinson “Foreign Agents” In an Interconnected World: FARA and the Weaponization of Transparency  ICNL Working Paper February 2019                                                                             

Dept. of Justice Settlement Agreement with Skadden Arps (2019 )                                

David Laufman Paul Manafort Guity Plea HIghlights Increased Enforcement of Foreign Agents Registration Act Lawfare September 2018                                                                                     

Katie Benner Justice Dept. to Step Up Enforcement of Foreign Influence Laws The New York Times March 2019

Ben Freeman US Foreign Policy is for Sale The Nation February 2019                                                                  

Ben Freeman The Saudi Lobby: How the Kingdom wins in Washington Center for International Policy October 2018                                                                                                                                                                   

Arie J Lipinski The Foreign Agents Registration Act Comes to Light Amidst Probe into Russian Election Meddling: An Effort to Crack Down on Foreign Lobbyists or a Sign of Corruption  March 2018                           

Jahad Atieh Foreign Agents: Updating FARA to protect American Democracy University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 2010                                                                           

Yuk K. Law The Foreign Agents Registration Act: A New Standard for Determining Agency Fordham International Law Journal 1982                                                

Francis R. O’Hara The Foreign Agents Registration Act-The Spotlight of Pitiless Publicity Villanova Law Review 1965          

Natasha Bertrand A Surge in Foreign-Influence Prosecutions The Atlantic December 2018                                   

Michael I. Spak America for Sale: When Well Connected Former Federal Officials Peddle Their Influence to the Highest Bidder-A Statutory Analysis and Proposals for Reform of the Foreign Agents Registration Act and the Ethics in Government Act Kentucky Law Journal 1989-1990                                           

Sarah N. Lynch Pakistani Pleads Guilty, Failed to Register as U.S. Foreign Agent Reuters May 2018                  

Josh Gerstein Lawmakers Push for Al Jazeera to Register as Foreign Agent Politico March 2018                        

9/11 Families & Survivors United for Justice Against Terrorism  9/11 Families’ Request for National Security Investigation Into Potential Criminal Violations of the Foreign Agents Registration Act by Agents of the Saudi Arabian Government March 2017  

Matthew Armstrong RT As A Foreign Agent: Political Propaganda In A Globalized World warontherocks.com May 2015                                                                                                                                                                

Brian McGlinchey Meet 70 Americans Working for Saudi Arabia Against 9/11 Justice 28pages.org March 2017