Additional Readings

Ethics and Warfare

Thomas Nagel
War and Massacre, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter, 1972), 123-144.

Nuclear Deterrence

Robert Butterworth, Peter Marquez, John Sheldon and Eric Sterner
Returning to Fundamentals: Deterrence and U.S. National Security in the 21st Century George C. Marshall Institute, 2011.

Kevin Chilton and Greg Weaver
Waging Deterrence in the Twenty-First Century Strategic Studies Quarterly, 2009.

Randall Dipert
Preventive War and the Epistemological Dimension of the Morality of War, Journal of Military Ethics, 2006.

Gerald Dworkin
Nuclear Intentions, Ethics, 1985.

Jonathan Granoff
Nuclear Weapons, Ethics, Morals and Law, Brigham Young University Law Review, 2000.
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and Its 2005 Review Conference: A Legal and Political Analysis, International Law and Politics, September 2007.

Richard A. McCormick
Nuclear Deterrence and the Problem of Intention, Catholics and Nuclear War, pp. 168-182, 1983.

Charles J. Moxley, Jr., John Burroughs, & Jonathan Granoff
Nuclear Weapons and Compliance with International Humanitarian Law and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, Fordam International Law Journal, 2011.

Keith B. Payne
The Fallacies of Cold War and Deterrence, Chapter 2

Preemption and Prevention

Larry Alexander
The Doomsday Machine: Proportionality, Punishment and Prevention, The Monist, 1980.

Allen Buchanan
Justifying Preventive War, Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification, Chapter 5, 2007.

Kevin Govern
National Solutions to an International Scourge: Prosecuting Piracy Domestically as a Viable Alternative to International TribunalsUniversity of Miami International & Comparative Law Review, 2011.

Paul Robinson and John Darley
Does Criminal Law Deter? A Behavioral Science Investigation Legal Studies, 2004

David Rodin
The Problem with Prevention, Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification, Chapter 6, 2007.

Suzanne Uniacke
On Getting One’s Retaliation in First, Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification, Chapter 3, 2007.

Rationality and Deterrence

Daniel Farrell
Utility Maximization Intentions and the Theory of Rational Choice, Philosophical Topics 21, 1993.

Claire Finkelstein & Leo Katz
Contrived Defenses and Deterrent Threats: Two Facets of One Problem Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, 2008

Gregory Kavka
Some Paradoxes of Deterrence, The Journal of Philosophy, 1978.

Anthony Kenny
The Logic of Deterrence, Chapters 4-6

Duncan MacIntosh
Co-operative Solutions to the Prisoner’s Dilemma, Philosophical Studies, pp. 309-321, 1991.

Edward F. McClennen
Prisoner’s Dilemma and Resolute Choice, Paradoxes of Rationality and Cooperation, 1985.

Alfred Mele
Intentions, Reasons, and Beliefs: Morals of the Toxin Puzzle, Philosophical Studies, 1992.

Michael Dummett
The Morality of Deterrence, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 1986

International Court of Justice: Legality of the Treat or Use of Nuclear Weapons

Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996

Declaration of President Bedjaoui (translation)

Declaration of Judge Herczegh (translation)

Declaration of Judge Shi

Declaration of Judge Vereshchetin

Declaration of Judge Ferrari Bravo (translation)

Separate Opinion of Judge Guillaume (translation)

Separate Opinion of Judge Ranjeva (translation)

Separate Opinion of Judge Fleischhauer

Dissenting Opinion of Vice-President Schwebel

Dissenting Opinion of Judge Oda

Dissenting Opinion of Judge Shahabuddeen

Dissenting Opinion of Judge Weeramantry

Dissenting Opinion of Judge Koroma

Dissenting Opinion of Judge Higgins