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News and Events:
Former War Crime Prosecutor Expects Increased Human Rights Enforcement
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Former War Crime Prosecutor Expects Nations To Step Up Human Rights Enforcement
Justice Louise Arbour

JUSTICE LOUISE ARBOUR, the chief prosecutor who as head of an international tribunal indicted Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes in the former Yugoslavia, said in a talk at Penn Law that she expects more domestic prosecution of international crimes in the future, leaving the International Criminal Court with a smaller role.

And that outcome suits her fine.

“This may not be a bad thing if an honest and vigorous enforcement of international humanitarian law arises from the marketplace of competing national jurisdictions,” Justice Arbour said during the SEGAL LECTURE in September.

Justice Arbour was appointed Chief Prosecutor of the U.N.’s International Criminal Tribunal in 1996 and charged with prosecuting serious violations of international humanitarian law in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia. She joined Canada’s Supreme Court in 1999.

Speaking in the Levy Conference Center, Justice Arbour said the United Nations created the ICC in 1998 as a “default jurisdiction.” The treaty signers, she said, preferred sovereign states prosecute international crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, and that the ICC step in only if governments failed to act.

 
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