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LLCM Admission Prerequisites 

Prior LLM Degree Required

Applicants to the LLCM program must either have completed an LLM program at a US Law School or are currently in an LLM program at a US Law School and will have completed the program prior to the beginning of the LLCM program.

Traditionally, many of our LLCM students are Penn Law LLM alumni.  However, we also welcome applicants with an LLM degree from another US law school, especially those applicants who can demonstrate academic success in rigorous LLM program.

All LLCM applicants are advised to provide at least one letter of recommendation from their LLM program.

English Proficiency

All applicants must submit a TOEFL or IELTS or seek a waiver.   Applicants seeking a waiver of the English language requirement, should do so by submitting a request here.  This applies even if you are a native English speaker and/or attend or attended a law school in the US.

Successful participation in any of Penn Law’s programs requires a high level of English proficiency. Most course-work at Penn Law centers on a dialogue between the instructor and members of the class. Consequently, a student should be able to understand rapid, idiomatic English as spoken in class and in seminar discussions. Students must be able to express thoughts clearly in both spoken and written English and must read the language with ease. The quantity and quality of academic work required at Penn Law cannot be accomplished without such mastery of the English language.

LLCM applicants whose native language is not English must take the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exam. (Individual language assessments, conducted in person or by telephone, may also be required at the Law School’s discretion.)

Note: Penn Law does not have a minimum score requirement. In general, we look for a TOEFL score of at least 100 (IBT)/600 (PBT) or IELTS score of 7.  We also look to the breakdown of the score to ensure satisfactory level of proficiency in the reading, writing, listening and speaking.   However, a lower score does not automatically preclude an applicant from consideration for Penn Law’s LLM program. Applicants whose test score(s) falls below the targets set forth above, should feel free to highlight any specific issues in the personal statement portion of their application they feel might strengthen their application in this regard, such as time spent in English language environments, coursework done in English, English language publications, etc. It is also recommended that applicants with scores lower than those set forth above, submit at least one recommendation that addresses, at least in part their English language ability.

Both the TOEFL and IELTS tests are administered at testing centers throughout the world. Applicants to the  LLCM programs should plan on taking one of them no later than November of year in which they propose to enroll at Penn Law.

Application forms and further information for the TOEFL and IELTS tests may be obtained online at and For TOEFL registration purposes, please note that:

  • the University of Pennsylvania Law School’s code is 2926
  • the department code is 03.


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